Burcu Özdemir Sarıgil – Women, Peace and Security Agenda and Humanitarian Assistance: A New Terrain for Turkey’s Humanitarian Diplomacy
In October 2000, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) and launched the global WPS agenda. With the WPS Resolutions, the international community recognised that gender matters in peace and conflict and began to integrate women’s challenges, demands and agency into the global peace and security agenda. This report’s focus is humanitarian aid and assistance (HAA), one of the key realms of the WPS agenda for ensuring a gender- responsive relief and recovery for women under (post) conflict situations, natural disasters and emergencies. In the WPS framework, relief covers immediate and short-term humanitarian aid to protect women and respond to their basic needs (e.g., shelter, food, hygiene, sanitation, etc.). Recovery includes broader and long-term peacebuilding initiatives and humanitarian development assistance for women’s rehabilitation, reintegration, rights and empowerment.
This report looks at Turkey’s HAA activities with a particular focus on its approach to relief and recovery for women, and aims to explore the gaps as well as potential entry points to link Turkey’s HAA with the broader WPS agenda.